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英式英语被美语攻占 Awesome的胜利
Isn't the English language marvellous?
Some wouldn't say so, but for 20 years traditional British words have slowly been replaced by Americanisms.
And now, words like 'marvellous' have been usurped by the US cliché: 'awesome'.
The gradual change, charted by researchers at Cambridge University and Lancaster University, has also seen the decline of 'cheerio', 'pussy cat', 'marmalade' and 'fortnight', which are now barely used by anglophones.
剑桥大学和兰卡斯特大学的研究人员通过图表反映了这种语言现象的演变。根据图表,“cheerio”(再见)、“pussy cat”(小猫咪)、“marmalade”(果酱)等英式英语词汇的使用呈现下降趋势,几乎已被英语母语人士所抛弃。
While in the 1990s we were captivated by 'Walkmans', today it has been replaced by the likes of 'online' and 'smartphone'.
Other words like 'catalogue' and 'drawers', which were also regulars of the 1990s, have had to make way for 21st century sayings like 'Facebook', 'internet', 'Google', 'essentially' and 'treadmill'.
Figures show that in 2014 the word 'awesome' appears 72 times per million words compared to 'marvellous', which has fallen in use from 155 times per million 20 years ago to only two times per million today.
Researchers believe the digital revolution and America's growing influence on our culture have dramatically changed the way British people speak.
Language expert Professor Tony McEnery, from the ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science (CASS) at Lancaster University, said: 'These very early findings suggest the things that are most important to British society are indeed reflected in the amount we talk about them.
'New technologies like Facebook have really captured our attention, to the extent that, if we're not using it, we're probably talking about it.
'The rise of 'awesome' seems to provide evidence of American English's influence on British speakers.'